Control how google accesses and indexes your website

Google themselves have put this blog post up on how to use a robots.txt to tell them which folders you dont want them searching. I'm often asked about how Google and search engines work. One key question is: how does Google know what parts of a website the site owner wants to have show up in search results? Can publishers specify that some parts of the site should be private and non-searchable? The good news is that those who publish on the web have a lot of control over which pages should appear in search results.